A photography genre that involves using special techniques to photograph subjects that live underwater. The basic challenges that photographers face are the elements, risk of water seepage, extreme pressures and of course the lack of light. Sometimes the problem is in getting the right balance between ambient and artificial light.
Special camera gear is required for shooting underwater photography. These include, but are not limited to, underwater housing for camera gear, special cameras that are waterproof under water, lenses and special lights that are able to illuminate subjects like fish, creatures, and structures in the deep, dark and often murky waters of the world.
Lights would include both continuous and strobes depending on the requirements of the shoot. Underwater photography has had an incredible influence on the world of sea exploration, scientific research and, environmental research and study of marine flora and fauna. Underwater photography has improved over the years as new technology has been introduced.