The term exposure is defined as a product of shutter speed of your camera and the aperture of your camera lens. It is the sum total of light that is captured as a result of the two exposure parameters. There is a third parameter that is sometimes considered as a part of the exposure value incorrectly – ISO.
ISO does not determine how much light is captured, but what happens after the light is captured. You can vary the shutter speed and aperture and basically maintain the same exposure. This is referred to as exposure value.
Let’s say that your camera receives a certain amount of light at f/4 and 1/200 sec. You can receive the same amount of light by using f/2.8 and 1/400 and f/5.6 and 1/100. Understanding this concept is necessary when you want to calculate the right balance between exposure, depth of field and motion blur in your compositions.
Exposure value is just a product of the shutter speed and aperture of your camera and lens combo that captures a fixed measure of light. This is expressed as a number. But the real deal is that by changing the shutter speed and aperture combination you can capture the same quantity of light. That in effect means different combinations of shutter speed and aperture can have the same EV. This happens because shutter speed and aperture has an inverse relationship. When you increase one you have to decrease the other so that you can maintain the same exposure.
Knowledge of this fundamental is also important because you can then alter the depth of field and or incorporate motion blur in your images without fundamentally changing the exposure.
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